Alta Vista Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas for Colored Youth (now known as Prairie View A&M University) is established in Prairie View, Texas, on land that was previously the Alta Vista Plantation. The College was established by the state legislature following the adoption of the Texas Constitution, which required the adoption of a separate college for African Americans. It became the first state-supported college for African Americans. Despite the name, the College did not have a four-year college program until 1919.

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